On the occasion of the 56th anniversary of the Élysée Treaty, France and Germany signed a new bilateral agreement: the Treaty of Aachen. “But the formula that Germany and France will reach an agreement and that the other states will follow them no longer works. The way European policy is conducted has changed in the face of major crises and internal blockages like Brexit,” she added. Finally, it is equally important not to let more down-to-earth issues poison the relationship and stand in the way of these big business. For example, arms exports, including jointly developed and built materials, remain a huge stumbling blocks in Franco-German affairs. The new treaty certainly says that the two countries will develop a “common approach” in this matter – but they are not there yet. It provided for regular consultations between France and West Germany on all major foreign policy, defence, education and youth issues, with regular summits between heads of state and government, ministers and senior officials. The 2019 treaty aims to strengthen bilateral cooperation and prepare both countries and the European Union (EU) for the challenges of the twenty-first century. The two countries will also come together in the field of education and research.
Emphasis is placed on promoting learning of the other language and on the mutual recognition of school and vocational diplomas.