Allahabad Agreement

7. He is firmly committed to restoring to His Majesty the land of Banara and the other districts which have been leased by Bulwant Sing, notwithstanding the granting of the latter by the KING to the English company; It is therefore agreed that they will be transferred to Her Majesty in the following manner, namely. They remain in the hands of the English company with its revenues, until the expiry of the agreement between the Rajah Bulwant Sing and the company, which will take place on November 27; Thereafter, His Highness shall belong, with the exception of the fortress of Chunar, which shall not be evacuated until the 6th article of this Treaty is fully respected. The treaty marked political and constitutional participation and the beginning of British rule in India. [3] Based on the terms of the agreement, Alam granted the East India Company Diwani rights or the right to collect taxes on behalf of the Emperor of the Eastern Province of Bengal-Bihar-Orissa. These rights have allowed the company to generate income directly from the people of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. In exchange, the company paid an annual tribute of twenty-six Lakh rupees (£260,000) and insured Shah Alam II in Kora and Allahabad districts. The money from the tribute paid to the emperor was for the maintenance of imperial property in Allahabad. The agreement also dictated that Shah Alam should be redistributed to Varanasi province as long as he continued to pay a certain amount of income to the company. Awadh was brought back to Shuja-ud-Daulah, but Allahabad and Kora were taken from him. The Nawab of Awadh Shuja ud Daulah also had to pay fifty lakh rupees to the East India Company as war indemnity.

“Source: William Bolts, Considerations on India Affairs; Particularly in view of the current state of the Bengal dependencies (1772), Annex No. XVII: “Copy of the new agreement or treaty concluded between the Nabob Najim al Dowlah, the Nabob Sujah al Dowlah, the Emperor SHAH ALLUM and Lord Clive and the Secret Committee of Calcutta; on the revocation of all previous contracts and the new modeling of the company`s business by confirming the Dewannee. Dated August 16, 1765. 2d. In the event that the lords of His Highness, Sujah al Dowlah, are attacked at any time from below, His Excellency Najim al Dowlah and the English company will assist him with some or all of their armed forces, in accordance with the requirements of his affairs and to the extent that this is compatible with their own security; And if the masters of His Excellency Najim al Dowlah or of the Company of England are occupied, His Highness will help them in the same way to support some or all of his forces; in the case of the troops of the English company which are employed in the service of His Highness, the extraordinary drawing of the latter must be provided by him. The year 2015 marked 250 years of Allahabad`s contract. The Treaty of Allahabad was signed on August 12, 1765 between Emperor Mogulkais Shah Alam II and Robert Clive following the Battle of Buxar. With this contract, the East India Company gained a strong political base in India.

Before the treaty, the British had only a strong trading relationship with Indian rulers. This treaty was one of the factors that made them rule India for two centuries. The repair of Covid was confirmed by the American man, second fight was more difficult In addition, the two signed an alliance in which the company promised to support the Nawab against external attacks, provided that it pays the services of the troops sent to its rescue. This alliance made Nawab dependent on society. This was a turning point in the history of India. Signed, sealed and solemnly sworn in, according to their respective beliefs, by the contracting parties in Illahabad, this August 16, year of our Lord in 1765, in the presence of us,—- EDMUND MASKELYNE, ARCHIB. . . .