Arti Civil Affairs Agreement

After the Japanese surrendered on August 15, 1945, he had to abandon his occupied territory. This meant that the colonies initially conquered by the Western nations had to be returned. In fact, Western countries still have the right to continue to govern their colonies first. With regard to Indonesia in particular, the Dutch have been preparing since April 1944 for indonesia`s renewal. Since this month, the Dutch and British governments have been in talks in London and Kandy. The negotiations resulted in what is known as the civil agreement. 7 DIPLOMACY STRUGGLE TO MAINTAIN INDONESIA INDEPENDENCETHE SENDING OF DELEGATIONS TO VARIOUS COUNTRIES OF RICE DIPLOMACY INDONESIA DIPLOMACY TO THE UN FORUM DIPLOMACY WITH THE NETHERLANDS The two Australian divisions have been tasked with occupying major cities in Kalimantan, Sulawesi and other Eastern European countries. 4 THE INDONESIAN NATION FOUGHT AGAINST ITS ALLIES PROCLAIMED AUGUST 17, 1945 THE INDONESIAN NATION FOUGHT AGAINST THE PHYSICAL ALLIES OF DEMOCRATIC DIPLOMACYPIIN DECEMBER 27, 1949 On August 15, 1945 in Australia, Lieutenant General Dr. Hubertus Johannes van Mook held a meeting with the Dutch in Australia and prepared to travel immediately to Indonesia.

They entered through several gates of Indonesian territory. In particular, territories that are the center of the Japanese government of occupation like Jakarta, Semarang and Surabaya. For the Allies, after the end of World War II, the former Japanese colonies were under the responsibility of the Allies. This meant that the Allies, victorious in World War II, were entitled to Japanese control in different areas controlled by Japan. 1 THE PHYSICAL COMBAT AND THE INDONESIAN NATION DIPLOMACY AFTER THE PROCLAMATION UNTIL DEMOCRACY IS ELECTED In the second phase, after the situation has returned to normal, Nica officials will assume responsibility for the British side representing the Allies. However, the agreement was not ratified until 24 August 1945 in London. With Japan surrendering on 15 August, the Dutch quickly urged the British to ratify the agreement immediately. However, in accordance with the Potsdam agreement reached a month earlier, the content of the provisions has been expanded. The number of Japanese soldiers to be disarmed and detained in Sumatra, Java, Nusa Tenggara, Kalimantan, West Palpua, etc., has reached more than 300,000 people. After their dismissal, they will also be sent back to Japan.

In addition, there are approximately 100,000 Allied prisoners and internees who must be released and returned to their respective countries. 8 STRUGGLE DIPLOMACY WITH THE NETHERLANDS Negotiations of 17 November 1945 Negotiations 10 February 1946 Hooge Value Negotiations, Netherlands (4 – 23 April 1946) Agreement on the Armistice of the Republic of Indonesia 10 November 1946 – 25. MARCH 1947 TREATY LINGGARJATI MALINO CONFERENCE (15 – 25 July 1946) PANGKAL PINANG CONFERENCE (10 October 1946) CONFERENCE DENPASAR (24 December 1946) Allied Army – three British Indian divisions – under Lieutenant Phillip General Christison Commander AFNEI, received assistance from two Australian military divisions under Lieutenant-General Lesley “Ming the Merciless” Morshead. In substance, the negotiations focus on the settlement of Indonesia`s transfer to the Netherlands, in particular for Sumatra (the Indonesian region presented by the Southeast Asia commando SEAC). In accordance with the first phase, the Commander-in-Chief of the Allied Army is authorized to conduct military operations, conduct military operations and restore order and security. In order to expedite Japan`s Allied control, an agreement was reached between the United States and England in July 1945 at Potsdam, for Lieutenant-General Douglas MacArthur, commander of the South West Pacific Area Command, to immediately send his troops to Japan and cede command of the Netherlands territory to the Southeast Asia Command led by Vice-Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten.